Tilling is a way to bring in fresh oxygen to the soil and create air-filled channels for water to penetrate into the soil. It also redistributes organic matter, which is an essential component of healthy soils. Lastly, tilling helps break up soil lumps and clumps. There are two types of tillage – deep or no-till. Both are good methods but each have their own advantages and disadvantages.
Deep tillage is generally used in fields with low crop residue on the soil surface or where soil residue from previous crops has been removed. This also works well in fields with deep, clay-like soils. Deep tillage creates a more uniform structure because there is less disturbance of the soil structure than what would be created by the “no-till” method. Damage to the soil that would form from tilling is also reduced.
No-till can be used to increase soil organic matter, add structure, and improve water infiltration. It can be used in fields with deep soils or fields with shallow soils, which require the least disturbance of the soil structure. The amount of water delivered by no-till is more uniform than that produced by conventional tillage, because tillage creates channels and rivers within the soil that carry water to various areas within the soil profile where it can runoff more easily.
Why tilling soil is bad?
Many people think as soon as the soil is turned, it begins to go downhill and this is because the soil has already been uprooted. But this is not true. The tiller doesn’t disturb the soil structure in any way. The crop residue, if any, will be used to anchor down thatch for more efficient use. A tiller produces no run off so there’s no erosion and no loss of topsoil.
What are the tilling soil equipments?
- Ripper / Rotavator
- Scraper / Compactor
- Winch / Puller / Fertilizer Spreader etc.
How does tilling affect the soil?
The tillage can have a significant impact on soil structure. When the tillage is deep, it can create significant disturbance of soil structure. When the tillage is light, it can be uniform and cause little disturbance of soil structure. Tillage also destroys small air pockets within the soil profile and this impacts water infiltration. As a result, moisture delivery in no-till fields is more consistent and predictable compared to conventional tillage (where there are large variations between days that deliver adequate moisture to your crop.
What if people are tilling in wet soil?
If people are tilling in wet soil, it is necessary to minimize the tillage depth. The deeper the tillage, the more soil structure that will be disturbed and this might cause excessive rainfall runoff. Considering that the field will have a moist soil surface, there should be no problem of erosion caused by rain water.
Should I wet the ground before tilling?
It is recommended that the soil be moist before tilling as this will reduce the amount of tillage down time. There are also special machines that can be used to water the soil before tilling, which can reduce risks of damaging crops.
Should I not use organic manure on my field before tilling?
It is recommended to get fertilizer after the weeds in the field are destroyed by herbicide or chemical crop protection. Tillage before spreading organic manures will destroy the valuable crop residues that remain on the soil surface.
Is tilling soil good for my crops?
Tillage can increase crop yields in some instances and reduce it in others. This is because tillage can expose bare soils to erosion by wind, rain and water runoffs. The more we till, the more erosion we have.
What are the benefits of using tillage?
There are many benefits of tillage, such as: increasing soil organic matter and water infiltration, improving soil structure, reducing weed problems (weed eating birds can help for this), improving crop production through improved moisture and nutrient uptake, improving weed control with herbicides, reducing repeated cultivation of weeds.
How much is tilling affect to my crops?
The impact on crops vary depending on how the soil was prepared before the planting and which crop is being planted. If the soil was not prepared well, it will be necessary to apply more fertilizer and care in crop production.
What do people do after tilling a yard?
Here are some things you can do after tilling the ground. Tilling can produce run off and erosion, so it is necessary to make sure that the run off and erosion is minimized.
When tillage is done, then you should test the soil for moisture level after tilling in the field and remove weeds before planting or while planting. You should also fertilize the crop prior to planting as well as between crops for best result.
Tilling soil is good and need for some cases. But what is more important is to know when the tilling soil is necessary or not. Tillage can cause erosion if we over do it. Be good agriculturist / farmer. Till the land when necessary.